Open youth ministry is the opening of church youth groups to allow them to be places where young people can hang out in an implicitly Christian environment. The idea being that non-Christian young people will recognise something different about the group (the loving atmosphere, or the time devoted to the group by the leaders) and want to know more.

In my 14 years experience in youth ministry so far (at the time of writing), I have encountered several versions of open youth ministries, all of which appear to have repeating life-cycle, to some degree or another. In this article, I put forward my own observations on this cycle for comment and discussion.


In my experience with varying manifestations of open youth ministry initiatives, there appears to be a repeating cycle that occurs. This cycle begins with the establishment of an open youth ministry and ends with a crisis point being reached. The progression between the stages of the cycle can occur over varying time scales and to varying degrees. Open youth ministries can also regress back up the cycle but, eventually, will continue the progression outline below.

The cycle is as follows:

  • Outreach
  • Influx
  • Inversion
  • Isolation
  • Assimilation
  • Crisis

It is important to point out that this is my own observation of open youth ministry initiatives and the cycle I have defined is my own formulation of what I observe. Over time I shall endeavour to try to find and reference other youth ministry professionals who have (or have not, as the case may be) observed a similar pattern emerging.

The cycle explained


Non-Christian teenagers are invited to the youth group out of biblical motives. However, because the youth group is an ‘open’ youth group (that is, a place to build relationships openly without a significant teaching content), teenagers are usually drawn to the group:

  • either as a place to ‘hang out’.
  • or as a place to play games or activities.
  • but not as a place to discover truths about Jesus (although this might be in mind, it is never explicit).

The reason for being a member of the group begins to shift from hearing more about Jesus to ‘hanging out’ or play games. The Gospel is no longer the focus of the members attending the group (even though the leaders have this as their primary goal). Instead the games, activities or ‘hanging out’ become the focal point.


What began as well intentioned outreach eventually becomes an unhelpful process. Non-Christian teenagers begin to invite other non-Christian friends to the youth group for the same reasons above:

  • either as a place to ‘hang out’.
  • or as a place to play games/activities.
  • but never as a place to discover the truths about Jesus.

The ratio of Christian members to non-Christian teenagers becomes more and more inverted and as a result, the Gospel is put under pressure by the increasing number of non-Christian members who have no interest in the Gospel yet are beginning to form the majority of the group’s membership.


This inversion of members begins to influence the programme of the youth ministry more and more. The programme of the group actually begins to work against the Gospel. That is, any mention of Jesus or the Bible is seen as something ‘to sit through until we can play games’.

Consequently, the leaders are put under great pressure to reduce the amount of Christian content more and more. More often than not (with non-Christians in the majority) Christianity is made fun of and any mention of Jesus is met with disinterest and verbal abuse to some degree or another.


It is no surprise that most Christian members feel isolated. The group becomes a hostile place for Christians, especially in perception (as members see leaders receiving derogatory comments for being Christians). Hence, the gap between the Christian members and the non-Christian teenagers begins to widen. The same isolation gap appears and grows between the leaders and the members (both Christian and non-Christian) as the role of the youth group leaders is reduced to crowd control and policing.

Christian members either stop coming to the group, or two cliques form within the group: the Christian minority and the non-Christian majority. Thus, relationship building – the very purpose of such open youth ministry – slows down to a minimum or even stops entirely at both peer-peer and leader-member levels.


The lack of input from the culture-engaging word of God allows contemporary culture to permeate the group more and more. The group is now effectively operating as a secular youth club as opposed to a Christian youth group.

Therefore, occurrences of teenage level social issues increase in the group. These include uncontrollable and/or inappropriate behaviour, verbal abuse directed at leaders and other members, alcohol or drugs being brought on site or consumed/taken before attending the group, vandalism of property, etc.


Before long, the group reaches a crisis point. This may manifest itself in a number of ways, such as:

  • a serious criminal offence being committed.
  • a series of minor criminal offences being committed.
  • numerous and repeated complaints levied by local residents.
  • numerous and repeated complaints levied by parents.
  • youth group leaders burning out or simply leaving.

The overall youth group leader closes the group for a time, in order to restore and reopen the group at a more effective and manageable state yet still operating on the basis of an open youth ministry model. Hence, the cycle resets to the initial state of Outreach.


Open youth ministry is founded on principles of incarnational youth ministry and a desire to be culturally relevant and/or attractive. Yet such an approach is not in harmony with Scripture. All Christian ministry is from first to last about faith of disciples in the Gospel of Christ Jesus (1), and youth ministry is no different. Open youth ministry initiatives may have this focus in principle, but they do not have it in practice.

In an effort to bring young people into our churches, we often adopt an approach that seems to engage with teenagers in a way that is culturally accessible and relevant. However, in doing so, discipleship driven by God’s word is sidelined and neglected in our youth ministry programmes. Mark Ashton and Phil Moon provide a helpful corrective on this approach:

“It is tempting to believe that the youth decay of the church springs from a failure to understand this new culture, rather than to understand the [Christian] faith. But the most serious weakness in Christian ministry among teenagers today is not a failure to understand our culture. It is a failure to take the Bible sufficiently seriously.” (2)

Therefore, our youth ministries needed to refocus their programmes and format back on to growing and nurturing discipleship of Jesus in young people from God’s word. The cultural awareness and relevance of the Gospel is found in Christian teenagers witnessing Christ to their friends, and this all the more as they are nurtured from the word of God in our youth ministry programmes.


1. Matthew 28:18-20, John 15:1-17, Romans 1:16-17.

2. Ashton, Mark and Moon, Phil, Christian Youth Work (Authentic Press, 2007), 4.

Published by Alan Witchalls

Alan Witchalls is a vocational Gospel worker who currently lives in his home county of Essex, UK. He currently serves as the Director and Producer of Video Bible Talks, a video-based Bible teaching ministry. Alan is passionate about equipping and encouraging young people and families to live for Jesus in every area of life, particularly in helping teenagers to grow deep roots into the Bible and sound Christian theology that shows itself in how they live with and show love to other people.